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ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TiiS), Volume 1 Issue 2, January 2012

Introduction to the special issue on eye gaze in intelligent human-machine interaction
Elisabeth André, Joyce Y. Chai
Article No.: 7
DOI: 10.1145/2070719.2070720

Given the recent advances in eye tracking technology and the availability of nonintrusive and high-performance eye tracking devices, there has never been a better time to explore new opportunities to incorporate eye gaze in intelligent and natural...

Gaze guidance reduces the number of collisions with pedestrians in a driving simulator
Laura Pomarjanschi, Michael Dorr, Erhardt Barth
Article No.: 8
DOI: 10.1145/2070719.2070721

Our study explores the potential of gaze guidance in driving and analyzes eye movements and driving behavior in safety-critical situations. We collected eye movements from subjects instructed to drive predetermined routes in a driving simulator....

Attentive documents: Eye tracking as implicit feedback for information retrieval and beyond
Georg Buscher, Andreas Dengel, Ralf Biedert, Ludger V. Elst
Article No.: 9
DOI: 10.1145/2070719.2070722

Reading is one of the most frequent activities of knowledge workers. Eye tracking can provide information on what document parts users read, and how they were read. This article aims at generating implicit relevance feedback from eye movements...

Gliding and saccadic gaze gesture recognition in real time
David Rozado, Javier S. Agustin, Francisco B. Rodriguez, Pablo Varona
Article No.: 10
DOI: 10.1145/2070719.2070723

Eye movements can be consciously controlled by humans to the extent of performing sequences of predefined movement patterns, or 'gaze gestures'. Gaze gestures can be tracked noninvasively employing a video-based eye tracking system. Gaze gestures...

Taming Mona Lisa: Communicating gaze faithfully in 2D and 3D facial projections
Samer Al Moubayed, Jens Edlund, Jonas Beskow
Article No.: 11
DOI: 10.1145/2070719.2070724

The perception of gaze plays a crucial role in human-human interaction. Gaze has been shown to matter for a number of aspects of communication and dialogue, especially for managing the flow of the dialogue and participant attention, for deictic...

Conversational gaze mechanisms for humanlike robots
Bilge Mutlu, Takayuki Kanda, Jodi Forlizzi, Jessica Hodgins, Hiroshi Ishiguro
Article No.: 12
DOI: 10.1145/2070719.2070725

During conversations, speakers employ a number of verbal and nonverbal mechanisms to establish who participates in the conversation, when, and in what capacity. Gaze cues and mechanisms are particularly instrumental in establishing the participant...

Adaptive eye gaze patterns in interactions with human and artificial agents
Chen Yu, Paul Schermerhorn, Matthias Scheutz
Article No.: 13
DOI: 10.1145/2070719.2070726

Efficient collaborations between interacting agents, be they humans, virtual or embodied agents, require mutual recognition of the goal, appropriate sequencing and coordination of each agent's behavior with others, and making predictions from and...