Interactive Intelligent Systems (TIIS)


Search TIIS
enter search term and/or author name

Social Media


Author Guidelines


TiiS solicits paper submissions on all aspects of interactive intelligent systems, consistent with the aims and scope of TiiS as defined in the About page Please see the extensive list of relevant research topics below. On the other hand, papers that fail to demonstrate its relevance to the two defining characteristics of an interactive intelligent system are likely to be rejected.

Type of Submissions

TiiS welcomes submissions of original research work that has not been previously published in a journal, nor is currently under consideration elsewhere. A manuscript that includes material that has been previously published, as in widely disseminated conference proceedings, should contain significant new material (e.g., at least 30% or more new content). The TiiS submission might include a deeper exploration of the algorithms, perhaps including new theorems, proofs, or implementation details; and/or a deeper exploration of the interaction issues, perhaps including the consideration of new design alternatives or a more in-depth evaluation with users. The submission should offer strong new impact, not a repackaging of the same material. Authors should include a cover letter that gives a link to the previously published paper, identifies the new contributions, and explains how their importance justifies publication in TiiS.

Literature reviews or survey articles will be considered if they present a new perspective or otherwise clearly benefit the field. Such an article can go beyond a summary of literature by, for example, defining its topic in a new way or identifying common themes and results concerning different systems or studies.

If your paper is a re-submission of a previously rejected submission to TiiS, please add a letter-of-changes addressing all comments by the reviewers from the previous submission.

More detailed information about ACM’s general policies concerning simultaneous and prior submission can be found in a separate ACM page. Authors should also be aware of ACM policy concerning author representations (i.e., statements implicitly made by an author who submits a manuscript). 

Topics of Submissions

Research on interactive intelligent systems covers a wide variety of research topics. TiiS welcomes relevant submissions from all of these topic areas, and its board of Associate Editors has been selected with the goal of ensuring expert reviewing of all relevant submissions.

The following list of topics, though representative, is not exhaustive; and different terms are sometimes used to describe the areas. TiiS therefore publishes some articles on topics that do not match any of the phrases listed below. On the other hand, in some of these areas only a fraction of the research that is conducted concerns interactive intelligent systems. Therefore, not every manuscript that falls into one of these topics is relevant to TiiS.

Machine Intelligence for Novel User Interfaces

  • Augment Reality and Virtual Reality
  • Multimodal interfaces
  • Natural language interfaces
  • Embodied conversational agents
  • Computer graphical interfaces
  • Accessible computing

Machine Intelligence for Interactive Systems

  • Crowd computing
  • Recommender systems
  • Information retrieval
  • Intelligent learning environments

Machine Intelligence for Developing and Testing User Interfaces

  • Model-based design of user interfaces
  • Automated usability testing

Machine Intelligence on More Than One Level

  • Information visualization and visual analytics
  • Human-robot interaction
  • Semantic technologies
  • User modeling for adaptive and personalized systems
  • Internet of Things
  • Ubiquitous computing
  • Mobile computing
  • Games
  • Knowledge capture

Note: “Artificial intelligence”, “human-computer interaction”, and “intelligent user interfaces” are not listed as separate areas here, since each of them overlaps with many of the listed areas.

Length of Submissions

Most published articles are between 20 and 35 pages long in the ACM style.

Since the overall goal is to publish high-quality, high-impact articles, even submissions with unusual lengths will be considered if their content is consistent with this goal. In particular, the length of a manuscript intended as the definitive publication on a major project or line of research may exceed the typical range of length just mentioned. On the other side, if a manuscript presents a significant advance that can be described concisely, there is no point in adding unnecessary material just to reach a typical length.

Deciding Whether to Submit


Getting Preliminary Feedback

If, before deciding whether to submit to TiiS, you would like to get some informal feedback, feel free to write to the Editor-in-Chief with any questions. All queries are answered promptly.

If you are considering a submission to a particular special issue, you may (also) wish to contact the guest editor whose email address is listed in the special issue call.

Anticipating the Reviewing Procedure

The page about the Reviewing Procedure will give you an idea of the steps that will be involved in the processing of your submission.

Preparing a Submission



Please use the ACM Transactions format for your submission. The use of a significantly different format would make it harder in several respects for editors and reviewers to deal with the submission. Although minor deviations are not important at this point, any submission that does not use the standard format will be returned to the authors by the assistant to the editors-in-chief with a request to resubmit it in the standard format.

Templates for LaTeX and Word are supplied and supported by ACM; the format listed for TiiS on these pages is the “Small Standard Format”:

Note: If you proceed by entering your own text into the sample file called “acmsmall-sample.tex”, please replace “acmtecs” with “acmtiis” in the “\documentclass ...” line, since otherwise an incorrect journal name will appear at various places in your manuscript.

This ACM web pages also include information about how to format references to literature, as well as contact information for technical support.

Parts of Content

In addition to the main text, the manuscript should include the following elements, which ensure proper indexing, classification, retrieval, and dissemination:

  • Descriptive titleSelect a title that accurately and clearly tells what the paper is about. Choose title terms as specific as content and emphasis of the paper permit. Avoid special symbols and formulas in titles unless essential to indicate content.
  • Authors’ names and affiliationsAuthors’ names should be listed without titles or degrees. The affiliation should show the name of the organization at which the work was conducted. If an author’s current address is different, it should be given in a footnote on the first page. The contact author should be identified with a footnote on the first page.
  • AbstractThe abstract should normally be 150–250 words long and consist of short, direct sentences. It should summarize the objectives of the work, the methods applied, the results, and the conclusions. It should not include citations or mention plans for future work. The title need not be repeated. Because abstracts are extracted and used separately, do not use the first person, do not display mathematics, and do not use citation reference numbers. Try to avoid starting with the words "This paper ...".
  • Content Indicators. Three types of content indicators must be assigned: (1) general terms, (2) subject descriptors, and (3) keywords and phrases. The first two items are selected from the 2012 ACM Computing Classification Scheme. Select as many of these as may be applicable.

    The keywords and phrases are additional English language words that indicate the content of the submission. They should not be synonymous with those already in the classification system: they can be more specific than the subject descriptors, or they may not be covered by the existing system at all. The following guidelines may be helpful.

    • Use important terms from the title; include their synonyms, related words and words of higher or lower generic rank.
    • Use English nouns, or noun-noun and noun-adjective combinations; do not use hyphens unless the hyphenated parts are alwaystreated as a single unit.
    • Use specific terms whose meanings are generally accepted; do not use broad catchall terms (such as "computer", "automatic", "machine", "system", "discussion", "description"); do not use private terms or acronyms that may not be generally known.
    • Do not use negative terms stressing what your paper does not do.
  • Citations. Citations should be provided according to the following guidelines. Use of the ACM Journals/Transactions LaTeX style is encouraged to ensure proper formatting.
  • Electronic appendix (optional). Some types of material are normally included in one or more “electronic appendices”, which will be linked from the ACM Digital Library but not included in the main PDF file in the Digital Library or in the printed journal issue. Such material is likely to be of interest to only a subset of the readers of the article. These types of material include:
    • Extensive examples of materials used in an experiment
    • An explanation of a research method that some readers are likely to be unfamiliar with
    • Presentations of results (in tables, graphics, or text) on a level of detail that is appropriate for readers who are especially interested in the topic.

Leaving such material out of the main manuscript enables authors to make the article more manageable and appealing to most readers. If your manuscript includes such material, please mark it within the main document as one or more electronic appendices, following the examples given in the ACM style files. The appendices will be immediately available to reviewers as part of the main document; they will be detached from the main document in the final typesetting stage. With regard to nonprintable material such as video files, see the remarks below on Supplementary Electronic Material.

Explaining Relevance

If a submission focuses almost exclusively either on intelligent technology or on users’ interaction with such technology (cf. the page on the different possible perspectives), it should also include a brief discussion of the “other” side of the picture: For example, authors who focus on an technological advance can discuss (a) the types of interactive system that can make use of this advance and (b) the likely impact of the advance on the interaction of users with such systems. Similarly, authors who focus on an advance in the understanding or design of interaction can discuss the types of intelligent technology that can be involved in this type of interaction and the implications of their work for the design of such technology. Brief discussions of this sort do not need to present new research results, since their function is to explain the relevance of the article’s main contributions to the general issues addressed by TiiS.

Ensuring the Legibility of Graphics

Reviewers and editors often read manuscripts on a monochrome printout – as do many readers who download articles from the ACM Digital Library. So please print your submission on a monochrome printer and check to make sure that every graphic is clearly legible. Note that even a graphic that looks beautiful and clear on the computer screen may be incomprehensible when printed on paper, in which case it could seriously impede the reviewing process. Each submitted manuscript will be checked by an administrator before it enters the reviewing process, and manuscripts with one or more illegible graphics will be returned to the authors for improvement.

Supplementary Electronic Material

If an article is supplemented with nonprintable electronic material, the ACM Digital Library will offer a link to that material alongside its link to the main article, as is done with printable electronic appendices (described above). For example, authors may provide a video, an animation, or a demonstration system.

If you wish to use this option, please upload each such file as a “supplementary file” when submitting the manuscript (as described in the instructions on the submission site). Indicate in your cover letter that this material is intended for inclusion in the Digital Library, and provide a reference to it in the main article (e.g., “see the video which is available along with this article in the ACM Digital Library”).

Third-Party Material

If your manuscript includes nontextual material that is owned by someone else, please note that, before publication, it will be necessary to provide documentation that the owner has given permission for its use.

ACM has a web page with the details of ACM’s policy regarding third-party material.

Avoiding Inadvertent Violations of ACM's Plagiarism Policy

All manuscripts submitted to TiiS are automatically processed by the “CrossCheck” plagiarism checker, which produces a detailed analysis of any textual overlap with previous publications. Experience has shown that even authors who presumably have no intention to plagiarize sometimes reproduce text in ways which are inconsistent with ACM’s policies on plagiarism. In the case of such errors, the manuscript must be returned to the authors so that the problems can be fixed. Authors are therefore advised to avoid the following mistakes in the first place:

  1. Reproduction of text from your own previously published work without citation

    You are allowed to reproduce text from your own previously published work, provided that the previous work is cited in the present submission. But copying from your own previous work without such citation is not permissible.

  2. Reproduction of text from other authors with citation but without quotation marks

    Even when you clearly cite previous authors whose text is copied, you must make sure to put quotation marks around any passage copied. Admittedly, it may seem reasonable to copy text in cases like this on the grounds that the original authors know better than anyone else how to describe their results or their technology concisely and accurately. But please do include the quotation marks, unless you prefer to paraphrase in your own words what the previous authors said.

  3. Reproduction of text from other authors without citation or quotation marks

    This practice is obviously unacceptable, and it will normally result in the rejection of a submission.

ACM Computing Classification System (CCS)

An important aspect of preparing your paper for publication by ACM Press is to provide the proper indexing and retrieval information from the ACM Computing Classification System (CCS). This is beneficial to you because accurate categorization provides the reader with quick content reference, facilitating the search for related literature, as well as searches for your work in ACM's Digital Library and on other online resources.

Making Use of Language Services

ACM has partnered with International Science Editing (ISE) to provide language editing services to ACM authors. ISE offers a comprehensive range of services for authors including standard and premium English language editing, as well as illustration and translation services, and also has significant international outreach, especially in China. Editing is available for both Word and LaTeX files. As an ACM author, you will receive a generous discount on ISE editing services.

To take advantage of this partnership, visit  (Editing services are at author expense and do not guarantee publication of a manuscript.)

Please note that formatting assistance is provided at no charge to authors by Aptara, as specified on the author style guide page:

Submitting a Manuscript

When your manuscript is ready to be submitted:

  • Access the manuscript management system ScholarOne Manuscripts by following the instructions given on a separate page.
  • All further information and instructions will be found in the TiiS Guide, to which context-specific links are provided in the ScholarOne Manuscripts pages.

The reviewing procedure is described on a separate page.

Prepare an Accepted Paper for Publication

After your manuscript is accepted and ready to be published, you will prepare your accepted paper for publication as follows. 

Transmitting Accepted Papers

Once a manuscript is accepted, a final version must be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief for transmission to ACM for publication. This submission must be electronic using the ACM Manuscript Central web site. ACM provides for a wide variety of formats for such electronic submissions, including ASCII, LaTeX, Microsoft Word, PS and PDF. Please refer to ACM's Guidelines for Submitting Accepted Articles, which can be viewed on the World Wide Web at for details on final manuscript formatting and submission procedure. Note that all manuscripts are converted to PDF by ACM for input to its electronic publishing system and database.

Supplemental Online-only Material

Please provide a brief description of your supplementary online-only material (i.e., text and multimedia material) to be published in the Digital Library. A short “readme.txt” file will appear in the DL along with your supplementary material describing its content and whatever requirements there are for using it.

Authors retain liberal rights to material published by the ACM. ACM has introduced a new publishing license agreement, an updated copyright transfer agreement, and a new author-pays option which allows for perpetual open access through the ACM Digital Library. Further details can be found in at

Submittal of an algorithm for consideration for publication in ACM Computing Surveys implies that unrestricted use of the algorithm within a computer is permissible.

If you have material owned by a third party, you must secure permission for its use before publication can proceed. If this is the case, please carefully read the third-party material guidelines and:

  1. Obtain written permissions from the copyright holders.
  2. Add the appropriate attributions to the figure captions in your paper (giving credit to the copyright holder).
  3. Include the source of the third-party material in the references.

If you have questions concerning third-party material, please contact Stacey Schick at

Availability of Published Articles

If your article is accepted for publication, it will be made available in the ACM Digital Library and subsequently in a printed journal issue.

A large proportion of potential readers have access to the ACM Digital Library via institutional or personal subscriptions. To ensure convenient access even for other readers, you can use ACM’s free Author-izer service to post an unrestricted link to the official ACM version of your published article from either your personal home page or an institutional repository.

Author Gateway

Please be sure to visit the ACM Author Portal for additional important author information.

Conflicts of Interest Policy


When Does a Conflict of Interest Exist

If you have a conflict of interest with a submission, you should not be involved in the decision process for that submission in any capacity, as Reviewer, Associate Editor, or Editor-in-Chief.

If you are asked to participate in the reviewing of a submission and have a conflict of interest, please let the requester know and decline to participate. Most conflicts of interest can be recognized with common sense: Would an outsider who knew that you were involved in the reviewing process reasonably be concerned that you might be biased either for or against the submission because of your relationship to the authors or their research.

There is usually a conflict of interest if the submission concerns work ...

  • ... from an institution at which you have recently worked
  • ... by a recent coauthor
  • ... by a family member
  • ... by an advisor or advisee of yours
  • ... in which you have a non-trivial financial stake

“Recent” can be read as “within the last 5 years”. Membership in an author’s Ph.D. committee should be viewed as similar to coauthorship, and the criterion of “recency” applies. But note that there is no time limit associated with the advisor/advisee relationship.

Other circumstances may create a potential conflict, requiring careful thought on a case-to-case basis.

If you are in doubt, please describe the potential conflict to the Associate Editor who requested your participation – or, if you are an Associate Editor, to the editors-in-chief – and ask for guidance.

Conflict-of-Interest Policy for Associate Editors

Associate Editors may publish articles in TiiS. The Editors-in-Chief will choose an Associate Editor with no conflict of interest to handle the submission.

Conflict-of-Interest Policy for Editors-in-Chief

If one of the Editors-in-Chief (EiCs) has a conflict of interest with a submission but is not an author of that submission, the other EiC will assign an Associate Editor to handle the submission. This other EiC will make the final decision. If both EiCs have a conflict of interest with a submission, the same procedure will be applied as for a submission by an EiC (see the following section).

Conflict-of-Interest Policy for a Submission by an Editor-in-Chief

(Note: ACM requires that a policy for this situation exist and be published on the journal’s website.)

The purpose of this policy is to address the conflict of interest that arises when an Editor-in-Chief (EiC) of an ACM journal is an author of a manuscript submitted to that journal.

Reasons for Allowing Submissions by an Editor-in-Chief

ACM does permit an EiC to be an author of an article in the EiC’s journal. Outright prohibition of EiC authorship is considered too severe for at least three reasons: First, it can unduly penalize the EiC’s coauthors. In several computing disciplines, the ACM Transactions is the premier – and sometimes the only – high-quality, archival venue for research publication. A strict prohibition would impact the EiC’s coauthors, especially if they were just starting their research careers. Second, a general prohibition could prevent some high-quality articles from appearing in ACM journals. ACM’s stated mission is to be the publisher of choice. Good work should be evaluated on its merits and not on the basis of authorship. Third, a prohibition could be a disincentive for leading researchers to serve as EiC, especially insofar as this prohibition would affect coauthors, in particular graduate students.

Many ACM conferences do not permit a program chair to submit papers. The three arguments given above apply with some force to ACM conferences as well; but because of the multiyear terms of EiCs, there is a more compelling case for journals than for conferences.

Details of the Policy

The procedure for processing a submission to TiiS with an EiC as an author is as follows:

  1. The EiC will submit the manuscript to an Associate Editor who has been specifically designated for this purpose and explicitly identified in the TiiS website. The designated Associate Editor must have agreed to accept this responsibility and should not be a collaborator of an EiC or from the same organization as an EiC.
  2. The Associate Editor designated in Step 1 (called “Alice” for concreteness) will not process the submission herself, but will hand it to another Associate Editor (“Bob”) whose identity will not be disclosed to the EiCs.
  3. Bob will execute the normal function of an Associate Editor for the submission (see the description of the reviewing procedure), except that that he will also make the final decision, without consulting the EiCs. Bob will report the final decision to Alice, who will in turn convey it to the EiCs.

As an exception, if the EiC’s manuscript is submitted for consideration for a special issue that is being managed by a Guest Editor, the Associate Editors will not be involved in the way described above. Instead, the Guest Editor will make the final decision. The identities of the reviewers of the EiC’s submission will not be disclosed to the EiC.

In order to avoid the possible impression of biased processing, the (implicit or explicit) standards of acceptability must be applied especially rigorously and conservatively to any submission (co)authored by an EiC; if such a submission is marginal in any way, it should be rejected.

All ACM Journals | See Full Journal Index